The Next, Episode #37
The worst food pyramid ever, Big Food funding "research", and food allergies
Hi there, and welcome to The Next - my take on health, wellness, and brand building.
In the last 4 years I’ve founded 3 health brands (Kettle & Fire, Perfect Keto, Surely), which each do tens of millions in revenue. I’ve raised ~$20mm to build Kettle & Fire, gotten into 10k+ retail stores, bootstrapped Perfect Keto, launched 80+ SKUs… and have a small portfolio of Shopify apps I run on the side. Previously, I worked in tech and had no experience in CPG, DTC, or any other 3-letter industries.
If you missed past episodes, you can catch up here (I’d recommend Episode 34). Otherwise, let’s dive in!
🆕 What’s new
A few weeks ago the White House hosted a conference on hunger, nutrition and health. One of the key organizers of the conference — Dariush Mozaffarian, Dean of the Tufts School of Nutrition — had just finished spending 3 years and millions of dollars designing a new food pyramid. His findings? Lucky Charms are healthier than steak.
Americans have a massive obesity and disease problem. Are we really not understanding why?
According to the Tufts Food Compass — which they tout as “the most comprehensive and science-based nutrient profiling system to date” — Lucky Charms are healthier than whole milk, more than twice as healthy as beef, and better for you than a baked potato or cooked green peas.
See how your favorite foods rank (100 is the top score, 1 the worst) below.
Yes, you’re reading this right. A major university really did spend 3 years and millions of dollars of NIH funding to tell us Frosted Mini Wheats and Honey Nut Cheerios are health foods. As the excellent Nina Teicholz says on her Substack:
The Food Compass, which gives top ratings to Cheerios, Lucky Charms and Cocoa Puffs, is absurd on the face of it. In all, nearly 70 brand-named cereals from General Mills, Kellogg’s, and Post are ranked twice as high as eggs cooked in butter or a piece of plain, whole-wheat toast. Egg whites cooked in vegetable oils are also apparently more healthy than a whole, boiled egg, and nearly all foods are healthier than ground beef.
There are absurdities galore in the Food Compass’ scoring of various foods. How about chocolate-covered almonds (78 score) handily beating ground beef (26)? Lucky Charms (60) over a whole egg fried in butter (29)? Or poor pita bread received a 1, while wheat-based branded cereals like Cheerios (95), Frosted Mini Wheats (87), and Raisin Bran (72) receive scores that put them firmly in the “to be encouraged” camp. Our friend Dariush must have gotten a real bad case of pita poisoning to bring down the hammer so hard on poor pita.
Why does this matter? After all, anyone can just ignore Tufts’ findings, because they’re obviously crazy. But — insanely — in the field of public health this is precisely the kind of work that matters. Studies like this are what lead to the last half century’s famously misguided dietary guidelines, which have coincided with the sickest Americans our nation has ever seen.
On the ground floor, school boards across the country look to research of this kind to inform what’s allowed in school lunches. The same school lunches empirically linked to higher rates of obesity for kids, an incredible shock, I’m sure, to anyone paying attention to the happenings of Congress, where pizza was declared a vegetable. It’s the tomato sauce that does it, apparently (a fruit, of course, but at this point who even cares).
And while most Americans have long since given up on the idea that our nation’s chronically incapable school boards might achieve results that actually help children, we still expect a little more from our doctors. These people went to medical school, after all. But in a country where 80% of medical schools have zero required nutrition training or teaching (1), the Lucky Charms health guidelines cooked up at places like Tufts become the source material that overworked, nutritionally uninformed doctors and nurses fall back on when they make recommendations to their sick patients.
And boy are there a lot of patients. Americans today are sicker, fatter, and less fertile than any generation of Americans before us. 40% of Americans are obese, 71.6% of adults over 20 are overweight (1), and 88% of Americans are metabolically unhealthy (2). And for the first time in decades, life expectancy is falling due to chronic illness (3).
This explosion in chronic illness has also led to an explosion in healthcare costs. At present, healthcare spend approaches $2.2 trillion (almost 20% of total GDP). Chronic diseases drive almost 75% of this cost: diseases that are almost entirely mediated by a poor food environment, poor food policy, and misguided health and nutrition guidelines.
Or, “misguided.” Because you may be wondering — and you’d be right to find this bit confusing — how a top-tier university comes to the shocking conclusion that sugary cereals are more nutritious than red meat, one of the most nutritionally-dense foods on the planet. Why, it’s almost as if these studies are funded by people selling sugary cereal!
Let’s talk about Big Food and Agriculture.
In 1963, the Sugar Research Foundation (SRF) paid Harvard researchers the equivalent of $50k to refute sugar’s role in heart disease (4), and researchers happily produced the results they were hired to produce. Instead of blaming sugar, Harvard and the SRF blamed cholesterol and saturated fat. Today, after 60 years of fat-is-bad food policy, Americans have never been in worse health, with no shortage of studies vindicating fat — including saturated fat. (5)
Big Food continues their funding tricks to this to this day. One classic trick is to deflect blame: surely, Big Food says, we aren’t seeing historic rates of illness and obesity due to our highly processed food-like products! The nation just doesn’t exercise!
It’s a phenomenal piece of propaganda because it’s only partially untrue; exercise is important. Unfortunately, there’s no such thing as a healthy diet consisting of daily sugar-water consumption, no matter how many walks around the block you take. It should therefore come as no surprise Coca-Cola has spent millions creating and funding the Global Energy Balance Network (GEBN), which invented and promoted the idea of “energy balance.” Eat whatever you want — just hop on that bike after and you’re fine! (5)
In addition to starting questionable marketing organizations, Coca-Cola started funding “research” several decades ago. According to Food Fix, from 2008 to 2016 the company funded 389 articles in 169 journals concluding physical activity was more important than diet, and soft drinks and sugar are essentially harmless. In total, Coke provided more than $120 million to US universities, health organizations, and research institutions between 2010 and 2015. The company is not alone.
Big Food played similar tricks to muddy the waters on trans fats for decades, likely killing 1M+ Americans in the process (as I wrote about here). “Research” is essential to the strategy. The food industry spends more than $11 billion a year funding nutrition studies — dwarfed by the NIH, which spends only $1 billion — polluting and diluting independent research and confusing policymakers, the public, and even most doctors and nutritionists.
You heard that right: for every dollar the NIH spends on nutrition research, trying to understand why and how we are getting sicker and fatter every year, the food industry spends $11. On “research.” From respected universities. Which appears in respected journals.
One might reasonably ask, why does Big Food do this? Why spend so much money funding biased nutrition research and sway policy away from whole foods towards Lucky Charms and the like?
The answer is pretty simple: money. In 2016, $7 billion of SNAP (a nutrition-assistance program for low-income people) funds were spent on sugary drinks (6). Revenue from taxpayer-funded SNAP makes up nearly 20% of Coke’s annual US revenue.
Yes: in a government program specifically engineered to help lower-income people improve their nutrition, sugary drinks are the largest line item in SNAP, accounting for almost 10% of the “food” purchased by the program. Legally, you can’t purchase a hot meal or rotisserie chicken using SNAP benefits because they’re not healthy enough. But sprinkle in a bit of lobbying and voila! $7B a year goes to soda.
Similarly, 87% of schools serve brand-name Big Food items(McDonald’s, Snickers, etc) in their cafeterias. 80% of schools have contracts with soda companies (7, 8). The reason monstrosities like the Food Compass get funded, and the reason Big Food funds bad research, is all the same. The government-funded piggy bank — across SNAP, school lunches, prison lunches, hospitals, etc. — is just too big to ignore. And if they can shift even small amounts of federal spending away from lower-margin whole foods and towards higher-margin, highly-processed Frankenfoods like Lucky Charms, all the better for their bottom lines, and all the worse for the American public.
Ultimately, initiatives like the Food Compass would be laughable if they didn’t make their way into food policy. Recently, we’ve seen NYC announce the switch to “plant-based” foods in hospitals as a default (along with meatless Monday and vegan Fridays in NYC schools). When talking plant-based, they make sure to focus heavily on fruits, vegetables, grains, and nuts, as they say on their site:
Plant-based nutrition is a style of cooking and eating that emphasizes, but is not necessarily limited to, fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds, plant oils, and herbs and spices, and reflects evidence-based principles of health and sustainability.
Lovely. Here is a picture of the “fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts” in question:
Let’s play a fun game of “count the publicly traded food companies with products on this tray”
That’s what you can look forward to in NYC hospitals when you get the now-default vegan option - we wish you a speedy recovery!). And if you’re a child unfortunate enough to be stuck in an NYC public school for lunch, you too get a helping of processed food, with almost no protein. I’m sure that won’t negatively impact your growth, development, and focus at all.
Frauds like the Food Compass and the plant-based push in hospitals and schools are just thinly disguised ploys by Big Food to push more of their high-margin, processed products on the American consumer, paid for by the American taxpayer. Health outcomes be damned.
For more reading on the insanity that is the Tufts Food Compass, see full rankings here. And please, go support your local farmer, small food producer, really anyone that provides an alternative to Big Food. I suspect it’s the only way to make small, steady changes in our messed up food environment.
😌 Dope stuff on the internet
Some of my favorite things since the last newsletter (note: I don’t get paid to recommend anything here):
📰 Article - This post on the rise in food allergies has me thinking. Food allergies went from pretty much not a thing to something endemic. Aaaand (predictably), we don’t really understand why. The post digs into the topic a bit, but I’m planning to do quite a bit of my own research into the topic shortly.
📚 Book rec - I’m currently on pace to read fewer books this year than I have in nearly a decade. I guess that’s how life goes: for topics I’m interested in today, it just seems like the best content out there is found on blogs, in newsletters, and on Twitter than not. That said, what’s not best found on Twitter and in newsletters are timeless ideas around life, philosophy, meaning, and the like. For that, I’ve been delving into Anthony de Mello. And most recently really enjoyed Awareness: a book of short chapters and reflections on life, happiness, and becoming truly alive.
⌚ Cool product - As the weather turns, I’ve been eyeing this puffer from Paka. Their puffer is made with regenerative alpaca wool instead of down or other synthetics. It’s cool to see clothing brands jumping on board the regenerative train, and I’m happy to support any brands investing in better supply chains and better products.
🎵 Music - Just because I feel bad linking 3 consecutive Fred Again.. sets, I’ll refrain from linking to his first studio live set. And instead will link to Oliver Koletzki’s Mayan Warrior set from Burning Man this year. Spectacular 🥳
🏀 Random - As I mentioned last newsletter, I’ve been reading more and more about environmental contaminants and how they impact human behavior. If you have other examples of environmental chemicals impacting human behavior (ie the lead-crime hypothesis, links between glyphosate and autism, etc), please send them my way. I’m researching quite a bit in this area and plan on doing a looong post on them at some point in the future.
🙋♂️ Ask - We’re hiring at True Medicine, and looking for talented engineers (ideally with experience in software payments) and designers to join the team. If that’s you (or someone you know), just reply to this email.
That’s all for this month! Enjoy the holidays and the last month of the year. I’ll see you soon.